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PADAUNG
 
They belong to the Kayin group of the Tai Tayok main group. They are the second largest population in the Kayah State. They are found in the western parts of the Kayah State and in the hills around Mobye region.
The men tie their hairs into a topknot on the right side of the head. They wear short pants with hand woven jackets on top. They also have head bands around their heads. The women have huge topknots on the front of their heads secured with bamboo combs. They have red headscarves, knee-length black inner garment and waist-length outer garment. They also wear brass rings on their calves and neck. Small diameter brass rings are put around the neck and underneath the bigger rings to give strength to the elongated neck and giving them the curious name of "giraffe women". They wear big earrings in their ears and silver or beads necklaces.
There are Buddhists as well as Christian and animists. Padaung are mostly engaged in agriculture and hunting.
At traditional Tagundaing festival, villagers dance around a kind of a totem pole in honour of a ceremony or New Year. These ceremonies are held under the guidance of the village shaman. The traditional brass gong with the frog motif, big brass gongs and cowbells are valued items for the Padaung. They engage in wrestling matches and other forms of martial arts.
The girls do not have any inheritance rights. Zayein are also of the Padaung stock. They believe that they lose their caste and identity if they should ever be away from their own village for more than three days and therefore they had never attended the annual Union Day celebrations.
A Padaung Couple (Kantarawaddy)
 
A Padaung girl at the spinning wheel.
Padaung woman (Kantarawaddy)
 
Zayein women (Mongpai)
NATIONAL ETHNIC
Kachin
Kayah
Kayin
Chin
Mon
Bamar
Rakhine
Shan
KACHIN
Azi
Rawangs
Taron
Lisu
Lisu(Northern)
Khatku
Maru
Lashi
Kholon Lishaw
KAYIN
Pa O
Padaung
CHIN
Naga
Khami
RAKHINE
Daingnet
Thet
SHAN
Hkamti Shan
Innthars
Palaung
Danaw
Daye
MON-KHMA
Eng
Miao
WA-PALAUNG SUB GROUP
Wa
Yin
LOLO SUB GROUP
Lahu
Akha

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