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Combining the three regions of Kantarawaddy, Bawlahke and Kyehpogyi forms the Kayah State. Previously they were the habitat of the red Kayins. The Kayah are included in the 17 Kayin sub-groups.
After the emergence of the Kayah State, Kayah, Padaung (Kayan), Bre, Yintale, Manu Manaw, Gheko, Gheba were recognized as of the Kayah stock. Ngwe Taung, Seven Ponds area, the Hti wetlands and the Lawpita Palls are some of the remarkable sites in the Kayah State.
The men dress in red trousers with white jackets and white headbands. The women tie their hairs in knots  wrapped in a red headband. Their jackets are either black or red and have a black shawl. The belt is white and is about 2 meters long. Their skirts are mostly black and have lacquered cane rings around their calves.
There is also a modem Kayah dress now worn by young girls on ceremonial days. They also wear amber and coral necklaces. The ankles are also adorned with beads.
The Kyauknyinhtoke festival or the festival where packets of steamed sticky rice are distributed to all comers, the harvest festival, the Tagundaing festival, when the whole village dance around a kind of a totem pole in honor of the New Year and house warming are unique to the Kayah culture. The brass drum, called-the Hpa Si or Frog Drum, is the most revered item of the Kayah.
The future is foretold by using the bones of the rooster. There are also wrestling matches in the villages. Previously the Kayah were administered by a system of local princes or Sawbwas. The Kantarawaddy and Sawlon haws(palaces) where these princes lived are of historical interest.
A Kayah couple in traditional dresses (Chike village)
 
A Yinbaw couple in traditonal dress (Bawlahke)
Zayein man (Palaung/Kayan stock)
 
NATIONAL ETHNIC
Kachin
Kayah
Kayin
Chin
Mon
Bamar
Rakhine
Shan
KACHIN
Azi
Rawangs
Taron
Lisu
Lisu(Northern)
Khatku
Maru
Lashi
Kholon Lishaw
KAYIN
Pa O
Padaung
CHIN
Naga
Khami
RAKHINE
Daingnet
Thet
SHAN
Hkamti Shan
Innthars
Palaung
Danaw
Daye
MON-KHMA
Eng
Miao
WA-PALAUNG SUB GROUP
Wa
Yin
LOLO SUB GROUP
Lahu
Akha

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