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Ministry Of Transport

     The Ministry of Transport was reorganized in 1992. The Ministry is made up of the Department of Transport, the Department of Marine Administration, the Department of Waterways, the Department of Civil Aviation, the Institute of Marine Technology, Inland Water Transport, Myanmar Five Star Line, Myanma Airways, Myanma Dockyards and Myanma Port Authority.

AIR TRANSPORT
     As there have come to be increasing numbers of large aircraft of air services, Yangon International Airport Extension Project, the new project for construction of Hanthawady International Airport, the project for construction of Mandalay International Airport and other projects for improving internal airports. news15
     In domestic services, there are flights with destinations of 19 townships from Yangon and 6 townships from Mandalay.
     Myanma Airways, in cooperation with Yangon Airways, Air Mandalay and Myanmar Airways International, is carrying out the. domestic flights.
     In cooperation for mutual benefit with Canadian Helicopter International, Myanma Airways provides charter helicopter services for offshore oil exploration.
     Before 1988, there were only 43 airports in Myanmar. Today the number has increased into 66. Yangon International Airport was opened beginning 1957.
     There are 26 international air routes passing through the air territory of Myanmar.

Mandalay International Airport
     The Mandalay International Airport opened on September 2000 has the characteristics of world class airport. It is located about 7 miles south of Tada-U and some 18 miles south-west of Mandalay. Its runway is 14000 feet in length and 200 feet in width.
    The area of the airport is 25015 acres. There are six passenger boarding bridges and three of them can handle modern Boeing 747 building. The basement is for storage of goods and maintenance of machines. The ground floor is for arrival passengers and the first floor for departure passengers. The second floor consists of offices and meeting halls. The airport will be able to handle 8000 passengers a day and 3 million passengers a year.
     Funds amounting to 150 million US dollars and 6496 million kyats were spent in that project.
     The Mandalay International Airport takes up a geographically-strategic position in upper Myanmar.

Hanthawady International Airport
     Hanthawady International Airport is being constructed near Bago about some 50 miles away from Yangon.

Under construction of airports and runway extention project airfields
  1. Putao airport construction
  2. Myeik airport construction
  3. Nampao airport construction
  4. Arn airport construction
  5. Kengtung airport construction
  6. Kale airfield runway extention project,
  7. Thandwe airfield runway extention project
  8. Yangon International airfield runway extention project
  9. Bhamo airfield runway extention project

Passengers of MAI in 1994-2000

  • 1994-95
1.21 million
  • 1995-96
1.77 million
  • 1996-97
2.09 million
  • 1997-98
1.81 million
  • 1998-99
1.41 million
  • 1999-2000
1.19 million

WATERWAYS
     The Department of Waterways is carrying out the tasks of providing navigational guidance, maintaining and building navigational channels, tasks that are basic requirements in marine and riverine transport service. It also undertakes such works as finding demarcating sufficiently deep navigational channels to facilitate riverine craft navigation, finding and removing under - water hazards for safe plying of vessels. news18
     Inland Water Transport is undertaking passenger and cargo transport services on rivers of Myanmar with posered craft, barges and pontoons. 1t also undertakes building new craft and renovating existing ones in order to be able to cope with yearly increase in the load of passenger and cargo transport requirements.
    The main task of Myanma Dockyard is to build new vessels and repair old ones to contribute towards promoting secure and smooth transport. Besides, it undertakes production of machinery and parts needed by other industries.
    Myanmar Five Star Line serves Thandwe, Kyaukphyu, Sittwe, Mawlamyine, Dawei, Myeik and Kawthaung in coastal trips. Container service is done with 3 vessels between Yangon and Singapore in regular trips. It has 25 vessels including "Chin-Shwe-Haw" and "Mongla" for foreign trips.
     Myanmar Five Star Line has 26 ships and provide effective transport services. In addition, International Organization for Standardization ISO 9002 certificate and International Safety Management certificate were accepted in 2000.
     Myanma Port Authority has to handle virtually all seaborne imports and exports of Myanmar. It carried out plans in accord with transport policies for infrastructure development and reforms for proper evolution of the market - oriented economic system in keeping with the changing economic situation. As the port development works are being carried out, one terminal of Thilawa Port Development project has No. 2 Terminal Construction Project has been carried out. Besides, deep-sea projects are being carried out at Kyaukpyu, Kalagauk, Dawei and Bokpyin.
     The Institute of Marine Technology was established to train and produce maritime officers and engineering officers, in response to the need for ship crews from 1963. In 1971, the institute gained international recognition. It has opened special classes to meet international needs in accord with curricula of the World Maritime Organization. It has trained 70000 persons in 38 Training Courses.

MV Thanlwin in and MV Chindwin
   In June 2001, 440 passengers MV Chindwin ship was launched. It was built by Yunnan Machinery Import and Export Corporation for Myanmar Five Star Line in Shanghai, China.
    The first ship MV Thanlwin was launched on March 2000. The first of the two sister ships were named in honour of the two prominent rivers in Myanmar.

Income in Inland Water Transport[1994-2001]

S.N Year Kyats in Million
1 1994-95 392-69
2 1995-96 447.36
3 1996-97 539.96
4 1997-98 683.33
5 1998-99 1335.72
6 1999-2000 1358.92
7 2000-2001 1390.00

RAIL TRANSPORTATION SERVICE
     The Ministry of Rail Transportation is made up of Myanma Railways, Transport Planning Department, Directorate of Road Transport, Road Transport and Central Institute of Transport and Communications. news17
    Myanma rail transportation services began by opening the Yangon-Pyay railroad on 1 May 1877. Myanma rail road stretches 2850.08 miles.

Length of Railroad in States and Divisions 

1 Kachin State 117.83 miles
2 Kayah State 10.4 miles
3 Kayin State -
4 Chin State 417.69 miles
5 Shan State  -
6 Rakhine State 8.89 miles
7 Kayin State 202.51 miles
8 Mon State 165.43 miles
9 Yangon Division 362.75 miles
10 Bago Division 669.68 miles
11 Mandalay Division  283.76 miles
12 Magway Division 360.68 miles
13  Ayeyawady Division 147.00 miles
14 Taninthayi Division   98.70 miles

Rail Transport 

2000 1998-2001
Railway stations 250 739
River railroad bridges 2 7
Large and small railroad bridges 5650 9009
Railroads 1065.79 3859.65

Central Institute of Transport and Communications
    Since the founding of the Central Institute of Transport and Communication (1978 79), the following courses have been opened by the six divisions under the training wings of the institute:

  1. Training Division (Training literature) [Manuals]
  2. Training Division (Training Aids)
  3. Automobile Division (Training)
  4. Railways Division (Training)
  5. Communication Division (Training)
  6. Technical Division (Workshop training)

Under Construction of Roads in States and Divisions

Kachin State
1 Myikyina-Htainnan-Putao road 53 M 7 F
2 Putao-Machanbaw-Makru-Naungmon road 76 M
3 Myitkyina-Namti-Tanaing 228 M
4 Myikyina-Namti-Mogaung-Kamine-Phakant-
Phalamne-Khamti road
(Myitkyina-Phakant section)
117 M
5 Myitkyina-Bhamaw-Phanthar-Sioo-Mabain-
Momeik-Mogok road
73 M 1 F
Chin State
1 Gangaw-Haka road 70 M 4 F
2 Mindat-Matupi road 102 M
3 Haka-Matypi road 173 M
Rakhine State
1 Thandwe-Gwa-Ngathaing Chaung road
(Gwa-Ngathaing Chaung section)
(Gwa-Thandwe)
27 M

83 M
2 Kyauktaw-Buthitaung road 56 M 7 F
3 Yangon-Taunggok-Kyauk Phyu road
(Pyinwon-Minpyin section)
40 M 7 F
Shan State
1 Takaw-Minepyin-Kengtung road 114 M
2 Minephyat-Myongyang road 47 M
3 Minephyat-Minesat road 94 M
4 Linkhay-Minepan 76 M
5 Ngaoh-Mabain 66 M
Magway and Mandalay Division
1 Magway-Natmauk-Pyawbwe road 62 M
2 Twinnge-Momeik road 50 M
Ayeyawady Division
1 Gwa-Ngathaing Chaung road 28 M
Yangon Division
1 Htaukkyant avoiding and connetway of No.2 Highway network 12 M

ROAD TRANSPORT
     The main task of Road Transport consists of five services: freight Transportation Service by the Freight Department, passenger transportation service for inter-city transportation and intra-city transportation, taxi service and repair and maintenance service. Road Transport has 25 branches at states and divisions to carry out the transportation services of local goods and export items. The Directorate of Road Transport carries out registration of motor vehicles and driving licences. news16
     Before 1988, the total length of roads were only 14753 miles in Myanmar. Currently there are 18242 miles in length. And also, there are 17000 miles of motorways up from 13000 miles before 1988. Six thousand miles of motorway are being built at present.

Completed Road Projects

Kachin State
1 Pyinmana-Pinlong road (in Mandalay Division)(in Shan State) 22 M 6 F
2 Taungdwingyi-Taungnyo-Pyinmana road 66 M 2 F
3 Taungok-Thandwe road 44 M 3 F
4 Yangon-Mawlamyine-Dawei-Myeik 154 M 6 F
5 Hanmyintmo-Myohyn_Aungban road 80 M 5 F 
6 Yangon-Sittwe road 202 M 3 F
7 Mandalay-Thabakyin-Banmaw-Myitkyina road 179 M 3 F
8 Kalay-Falam-Haka road 115 M
Roads Untertaken National Private Enterperneurs on BOT basis

Lashio-Muse road 102 M 3 F Asia World Co.,Ltd.
Nyaungcho-Lashio section 123 M Asia World &Diamond Palace
Co.Ltd.
Theinni-Kuamlon-Chinshwehaw road 66 M Asia World Co., Ltd
Mineyu-Kuamlon-Muse-Namkham road 44 M Asia World Co., Ltd
Kengtung-Tarcheleik 102 M Hong Pang

Progress of Roads in State and Division[1988-2001]

State/Division 1998 2001 Progress gained
Kachin 1472 1559-6 87-6
Kayah 396 581-0 185-0
Kayin 559 738-6 184-6
Chin 694 1060-6 366-6
Sagaing 1316 1875-7 599-7
Tanintharyi 398 669-3 271-3
Bago 815 962-0 147-0
Magway 1307 1618-2 311-2
Mandalay 1029 1166-5 137-5
Rakhine 448 885-4 437-4
Yangon 247 496-6 249-6
Shan 4077 4554-0 477-0
Ayeyarwady 423 1276-6 853-6
Total 13600 17873-6 4273-6

Urban Roads Built in State and Division by
Township Development Committees[from 1996-97 to March 2000]

Sr State/Division Urban Road [in miles-furlongs] Cost
(M)
Earthen Granite Gravel Tar Total
(Kyats)
1 Kachin - - 8-1 30-7 39-0  351.04
2 Kayah - - 1-2 2-7 2-7 69.51
3 Kayin 0-1 0-2 1-3 8-2 10-0  311.8
4 Chin 3-6 - 2-0 5-6 11-4 76.24
5 Sagaing 13-0 8-0 7-0 62-0 90-0 2923.82
6 Taninthayi 0-4 - 8-6 77-5 86-7 1630.00
7 Bago 8-0 16-7 3-5 29-0 57-4 1171.89
8 Bago(West) 2-0 13-5 0-7 30-5 47-1 921.24
9 Magway - 3-5 6-0 41-6 51-3  1195.03
10 Mandalay 31-2 0-6 21-6 96-6 150-4  2499.71
11 Mon - 3-0 10-0 35-5 48-5 1037.23
12 Rakhine - - 8-5 25-5 34-1 986.29
13 Yangon 3-3 3-4 0-2 14-2 21-3  820.82
14 Shan(South) - 6-7 10-4 68-1 85-4 1233.06
15 Shan(North) 74-3 - 30-5 70-1 175-1 2346.72
16 Shan(East) 0-3 - 2-1 12-6 15-2  1152.73
17 Ayeyarwady 21-6 4-0 15-0 95-1 135-7  2440.93
Total 158-4 60-4 137-7 716-2 1073-1 21168.06

Rural Roads Built in States and Division by
Township Development Committes
[from 1996-97 to March 2000]

Sr State/Division Rural Road [in miles-furlongs] Cost
Earthen Granite Gravel Tar Total
1 Kachin 3-0 - 30-5 32-5 66-2 K 1740.16  m
2 Kayah 27-0 - 21-7 - 48-7 K   174.86  m
3 Kayin 0-1 4-7 8-6 0-1 13-7 K     235.9  m
4 Chin 8-5 - 2-0 - 10-5 K   48.42    m
5 Sagaing 230-5 128-7 140-5 25-6 525-7 K  1575.18 m
6 Taninthayi 3-2 - 51-6 34-3 89-3 K  1024.97 m
7 Bago 62-2 34-3 59-7 5-2 161-6 K  1440.49 m
8 Bago(West) 90-6 95-6 41-6 8-7 237-1 K  1245.85 m
9 Magway 7-0 60-0 59-0 6-0 132-0 K 1521.09  m
10 Mandalay 152-0 43-3 210-0 37-1 442-4 K 4263.01  m
11 Mon - 15-3 12-2 39-2 66-7 K 1802.49  m
12 Rakhine 64-5 - 106-3 1-7 172-7 K 1232.95  m
13 Yangon 19-3 55-3 2-5 7-2 84-4 K 1277.98  m
14 Shan(South) 11-0 1-5 52-5 9-7 75-1 K 1669.85  m
15 Shan(North) 227-0 - 172-0 1-6 400-6 K 2254.01  m
16 Shan(East) 1-3 - 9-7 1-6 13-0 K  678.52  m
17 Ayeyarwady 187-3 84-0 121-4 17-7 409-7 K 2309.26  m
Total 1095-3 523-4 1103-4 228-7 2951-2 K 24494.99m
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