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Ministry Of Education

Organization
     There are six departments under the Ministry of Education. They are the Office staff, Department of Higher Education, Department of Basic Education, Department of Myanmar Language Commission, Department of Myanmar Board of Examinations and Myanmar Educational Research Bureau (MERB).
     The Office Staff of the Ministry of Education is responsible to the Deputy Minister and the Minister. They supervise the implementation of educational programmes, set the educational policies, are responsible for fiscal planning within the ministry and department personnel and administration of the ministry.
Department of Higher Education
     There are 10 Arts and Science Universities, 3 Vocational universities, 5 degree colleges, 13 colleges and 1 university of foreign languages totalling 32 universities, degree colleges and colleges.
     Besides, there are six affiliated departments such as Central Library of Universities, Historical Research Bureau of Universities, Department of Applied Geology, Workshop for Scientific Equipment, Universities'Printing Press and Translation and Publication Department.
     On 18 September 1996, Pathein Degree College and Sittway Degree College were upgraded to the status of universities. Likewise, the Institute of Foreign Languages was upgraded to the university level. Besides, Pyay College and Meiktila College were upgraded to the level of degree colleges. Kentung College, a new college, was opened for Eastern Shan State.
     There are now plans under way to open Mandalay Univerdity of Foreign Languages in Mandalay, Monywa University of Economics in Monywa, Taungoo University in Taungoo and to upgrade the status of Myitkyina degree aollege to the university level.
     In Yangon University, Ph.D.courses are now being conducted for Chemistry, Physics and Maths specializations. Not only that, there are now Ph.D.courses being for Myanmarsar, History, Geography, Zoology, Botany and Geology. Today there are now different Ph.D.courses in Yangon University.
     According to the constitution of Dagon Unversity, this university can accept a total of 60,000 students at any one time. During the 1995-96 academic year it accepted 14217 students. With respect to the construction side of this university the government had spent 3156 million kyats from the fiscal years 1992-93 to October 1997.
     Yangon University Diamond Jubilee Celebration was held in the Convocation Hall of this university in December of 1995 and was presided by Lieut General Khin Nyunt, the Chairman of Myanmar Education Committe. Besides, the government spent 630 million kyats for the construction of Yangon University Diamond Jubilee Hall and Diamond Jubilee Park.
     Besides, the lecture halls of the university, the hostels, recreation centre were renovated on large scale. A new building ot the boating club and a two-storeyed canteen were opened by Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt. The total cost for these renovations and construction was 3000 lakhs of kyats.
     The contributions of the other universities were revised to able to conduct courses which are now available only in Yangon University. To handle the academic and administrative affairs of the universities, two pro-rectors are appointed for each university.
     According to the notifivation number 23/Edu-2 (l) 96 (25/96) dated 26 December, 1996 of the Ministry of Education, Yangon Institude of Technology, Mandalay Institute of Technology and Computer University have been transferred to Ministry of Science and Technology since 1 January 1997. In the University of Foreign Languages, evening classes for English, Korean, Chinese, Thai, German and French languages are being conducted since September 1997. The course duration for English languages in 3 months where as those for other languages are 6 months.
     In the Institute of Economics, diploma courses are now available for every graduate on the basis of market-oriented economy with entrance exam. These courses were available to graduate government civil servants before.
     In the sector of higher education, degree colleges and colleges were opened to upgrade the status of universities. Besides, the number of teaching staff including professors, associate professors, lectures. assistant lecturers and tutors/demonstrators totalled only 5,285 on 31 March 1995. On 14 November 1997, the number increased to 6,376.
     Subject-wise experts, honorary professors, honorary associate professors, honorary lecturers have been appointed on the basis of needs in order to impart knowledge to future generations of scholars.
     Since July 1997 Myanmar has become a member of Association of South East Asian Nations. Besides, it became a member of ASEAN University Network (AUN). As a first step, Yangon University and Yangon University of Economics are included in that network.
Department of Basic Education Five Objectives of Basic Education
  • To improve the health and morality of all Myanmar nationals, to train them to be better workers not only in their physical but also in their mental abilities and to give basic education to all Myanmar nationals,
  • To set basic education policies and to offer vocational training for future country,
  • To focus on science in order to improve and increase production capacity,
  • To focus on arts to maintain national culture, literature and art, and
  • To continue the higher education, and to establish a firm foundation for basic education.
Future educational activities and future tasks from 1996-97 to 2000-01
Objective
     The tasks will be carried out according to social objectives laid down by the State.
Tasks and duties
  • To establish an educational system compatible with political, economic and social objectives of the State.
  • To make sure that all children acquire the basic deucation, especially kindergarten,
  • To establish an educational system based on Myanmar traditional culture, patriotic spirit and morality
  • To give equal opportunities for education to children living in rural and border areas,
  • To try to reduce educational ignorance in several sectors of basic education,
  • To allow participation of non-governmental organizations and private sectors within the bounds of the rules and regulations in order to develop educational activities,
  • To try to upgrade teaching skills of the teachers,
  • To extend educational activities outside the school,
  • To revise and update the courses and curriculum, and
  • To develop educational research.
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