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Ministry Of Agriculture and Irrigation

Organization and Objectives
           Ministry of Agriculture was renamed as Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation on 8 August 1996 in order to acknowledge the importance of irrigation in agriculture.
           Myanmar Jute Industries (MJI), an organization under the Ministry of Industry No. 1. Was placed under this Ministry on 1 April 1994 in order to manage and supervise the industrial crops effectively through all steps such as cultivation, agriculture production, procurement, processing and selling. Similarly, in order to promote the production of sugarcane, cotton, silk and perennial crops; new organizations such as Myanma Sugarcane Enterprise (MSE), Myanmar Cotton and Sericulture Enterprise (MCSE) and Myanmar Perennial Crops Enterprise (MPCE) were newly created in May 1994. In view of water as a key resource, Water Resources Utilization Department (WRUD) was also newly created in February 1995 to assist in use of water more effectively from rivers and streams, and to manage profoundly in exploration and utilization of underground water for crop development. With the aim to further improvement in support of credit to agricultural production, Myanmar Agricultural and Rural Development Bank (MARDB) as an organization under the Ministry of Finance and Revenue was moved to the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation in 14 August 1996 and reorganized and Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank (MADB). In addition, Agricultural Institute and Agriculture High Schools under the Ministry of Education were transferred to the MOAT on 1 January 1997, aiming to develop the technicians as main power resources to provide well services in development of agriculture sector.
           At present, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation is composed of the 14 institutions as: Minister's Office, Department of Agricultural Planning, Myanmar Agriculture Service, Myanmar Farms Enterprise, Irrigation Department, Agricultural Mechanization Department, Settlement and Land Records Department, Myanmar Sugarcane Enterprise, Manna Cotton and Sericulture Enterprise, Myanmar Jute Industries, Myanmar Perennial Crops Enterprise, Water Resources Utilization Department, Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank and Institution of Agriculture. There is 107829 total staff comprised of 4844 officers and 102895 other ranks as the organizational set up of the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation.

The Development of New Agricultural Land
           In cognizance of the land as the basic recourse for crop production, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation pays continual attention to reclamation of fallow and waste land and utilization of those for the improvement in crop production undertaking the activities by not only State sector but cooperation and private sectors also under the long-term and short-term plan. agriculture
           Present status of land utilization in Myanmar can be observed as 44.65 million acres; 25.89 million acres; 54.44 million acres; 42.37 million acres and 167.18 million acres in cultivable land, reserved forests, and other forests. Other land and total land respectively. The area 44.68 million acres of cultivable land comprise of 22.34 million acres, 2.74 million acres and 19.60 million acres in net sown area, fallow land area and cultivable waste land area respectively.
           At present, being utilization of above 22 million areas under the net sown area out of above 45 million acres of cultivable land, it remains about 23 million acres left for crop cultivation. Hence, the fallow and waste land are being reclaimed throughout the country and the arrangements are being made to allocate the land to organizations as well as private entrepreneurs not only for the purpose of agriculture but for agriculture-related activity such as commercial livestock fanning also in accordance with the laws and regulations enacted.
           Deep-water area occupies about 200 thousand acres in delta area of lower Myanmar. In order to become economically viable of these abandoned land, efforts were made on reclamation of these land by means of embracing farmer's embankment and evacuating rice-fish ponds. Establishment of farmer's embankment was carried out in Nyaungdon Kyun and Yegyaw area, Ayeyarwady Division, and deep water areas of Thanatpin and Bago Townships, Bago Division. Total area of land reclaimed throughout the country was over 13000 acres of farmer's embankment and 1427 number of rice-fish ponds, covering, and 12081 acres.
           Terrace farming is being carried out at Aungban, Kyaukme, Sinkyaw, Laukkaung and Chinshwe Haw in Shan State and Hakha, Chin State to protect and rehabilitate the land degraded by wind and water erosion.
           Under the Nine Greening Districts Programme above similar activities are being undertaken in Seikhtain, kyauk-padaung Township, Mandalay Division; Ngwegway, Chaung-U Township, Sagaing Division; Shimmadaung, Yesagyo Township and Pakokku Township, Magway Division.
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